Obstetrics and gynecology are two different yet very significant fields of medicine in a woman’s life. They often work in tandem, which is why OB/GYNs are trained in both to give their patients the best treatment.
What is Obstetrics?
Put simply, obstetrics is the field of study concerning pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period. An obstetrician is a doctor who specializes in the care of a pregnant woman and her baby, both before birth and after. These specialists are trained to handle a variety of potential complications or situations that may occur during pregnancy and the birthing process, such as:
- Issues with the placenta
- Ectopic pregnancy: a pregnancy in which the fetus grows outside of the uterus
- Fetal distress: signs before and during childbirth that may signal the fetus may not be doing well
- High blood pressure: often a precursor to preeclampsia, a potentially serious condition
- Cesarean section
An obstetrician is also able to guide a mother safely through the entire experience from conception to delivery to the postpartum period. Other services offered by obstetricians include:
- Fertility treatment
- Fetal diagnostic procedures
- NICU care (this may also be handled by a pediatrician)
What is Gynecology?
Gynecologists focus on the non-pregnancy aspects of a woman’s reproductive health, which are vast in number. Women often begin seeing a gynecologist when they become sexually active or at the onset of puberty, if needed.
Many women also choose to visit their gynecologist if they are interested in birth control, if they have menstruation issues, or if they are struggling with the symptoms of menopause. Even if you do not find yourself relating to any of these concerns, having a gynecologist is key to preventing reproductive cancers, as gynecologists can administer the proper cancer screenings to you on an annual basis.
Regular gynecological exams are important for a woman’s health. Gynecologists perform standard examinations, such as Pap smears and pelvic exams. They may also be seen for diagnosis and/or treatment of a variety of conditions, including:
- Cancer of the ovaries, uterus, cervix, vagina or fallopian tubes
- Prolapse: a condition in which the pelvic organs slip forward or downward within the body, often after menopause in women
- Yeast or bacterial infections
- Painful intercourse
- Irregular menstruation or pain during menstruation.
- Other menopause-related diseases
- Endometriosis: a painful condition in which uterine tissue grows outside the uterus
- Cervical and vaginal polyps
- Fibroids: compact tumors that develop in the uterus
- Ovarian cysts
In addition, a gynecologist can perform surgical procedures on reproductive organs for several reasons, including medical conditions, permanently preventing pregnancy, and even for cosmetic reasons. Some of the most common procedures include:
- Hysterectomy: Removal of the uterus
- Oophorectomy: Removal of the ovaries
- Salpingectomy: Removal of the fallopian tubes
- Tubal ligation: Permanent birth control surgery
- Cone biopsy: Removal of precancerous cells from the cervix after a Pap test
- Labiaplasty: Surgical reshaping of external genitalia
Many practices choose to combine the obstetrician and gynecologist specialties to provide more comprehensive women’s care. Both gynecologists and obstetricians complete four years of medical school and a four-year residency program in which they learn about pregnancy, fertility, genetics, adolescent gynecological care, and adult gynecological care.
After training in both fields, they either choose to specialize in one or the other or they decide to practice both. Individuals who want to specialize in an area relating to either obstetrics or gynecology go on to complete a fellowship.
Obstetrics and Gynecology in Miami | Dr. Fox
Dr. Susan Fox’s Center for Women strives to make each patient feel welcomed and secure.
Backed by our medical professionals team, Dr. Susan Fox is an OB/GYN ready to provide the best gynecological care for women with a variety of unique needs in the Miami area.
Dr. Fox’s years of experience in the field has allowed her to construct a devoted group of professionals who will go the extra mile to ensure their patients are completely satisfied after each appointment.
Our team never hesitates to answer any questions a patient may have as thoroughly as possible and work with each patient to find solutions to any issues they may be experiencing.
Dr. Fox holds memberships with various renowned organizations such as the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the Florida Osteopathic Medical Association, the American Society of Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology, and the International Society for the Study of Women’s Sexual Health.
Her dedication to obstetrics and gynecology and preventative healthcare practices shines through, as Dr. Fox was among the first Obstetrician/Gynecologists to be trained in using the Implanon birth control method.
Whether you are searching for a dependable obstetrics and gynecology specialist for routine gynecological care or a knowledgeable practitioner to perform pelvic reconstructive surgery, Dr. Susan Fox’s Center for Women is your most secure option.
Your wellness is of the utmost importance to us, and we will do everything within our power to keep our patients happy and healthy.
Contact Dr. Susan Fox’s Center for Women today to be treated by one of the top Obstetrician/Gynecologists in Miami during your first exam!